Many professionals in the financial and real estate industries undergo their licensing procedure via the National Multistate Licensing System and Registry (NMLS). The NMLS handles the licensing data of numerous types of specialists such as mortgage brokers, originators and lenders, money transmitters, and collection agencies, among others. While the licensing bodies for different states and trades varies, all documents enter the NMLS databases.
The electronic surety bond (ESB) was introduced in 2016 as a method to streamline the collection of licensing information in the system. The electronic submission of surety bonds aims to make the collection, storage and scrutiny of the NMLS surety bond requirements easier and smoother.
State licensing bodies in nine states adopted the electronic surety bonds in 2016. In January 2017, 11 more states joined them. One more will follow in April 2017. Let’s take a look at the professionals in different states who are now required to use the electronic surety bond.
The first phases of adopting electronic surety bonds
The volume of licensing information that the NMLS needs to handle is considerable. The choice to move to electronic surety bonds thus is a part of its efforts to better manage the data. The electronic submission aims to make the process faster and more secure and it does not affect the surety bond costs of licensees.
In 2016, the first nine states adopted the ESB system. They are Texas, Indiana, Wisconsin, Washington, Iowa, Vermont, Massachusetts, Wyoming and Idaho. In each state, a different set of professionals had to comply with the new rule and the change had different deadlines.
As of January 23, 2017, 11 more states moved to electronic surety bonds: Alaska, Montana, Illinois, North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, Mississippi, Georgia, North Carolina, Rhode Island and Indiana (partially). Any new licensee after that date needs to submit the bond electronically. Businesses that currently hold a license in these states need to move to ESBs by the end of 2017.
Additionally, Oregon is about to join the new system as of April 15, 2017.
Who needs to submit an ESB today?
In each of the states that have adopted NMLS surety bond requirements, a different set of professionals have to comply with them. Below you can find a list of the 21 states and the various types of specialists who have to post ESBs in each.
Alaska – mortgage brokers, mortgage lenders and registered depository institutions
Georgia – money transmitters, mortgage brokers, mortgage processors, mortgage lenders and sellers of payment instruments
Idaho – collection agencies
Illinois – residential mortgage brokers and exempt companies
Indiana – debt managers, exempt companies, first lien mortgage lenders, money transmitters, subordinate lien mortgage lenders and loan brokers
Iowa – closing agents, debt managers, exempt companies, money servicers, money bankers and mortgage brokers
Louisiana – pawnbrokers with main in-state and out-of-state offices, residential mortgage brokers, sellers of checks and money transmitters
Massachusetts – check sellers, debt collectors, foreign transmittal agencies, mortgage brokers, mortgage lenders and exempt companies
Minnesota – accelerated mortgage payment providers, credit services organizations, currency exchange agents, electronic financial terminal providers, money transmitters, residential mortgage originators and residential mortgage servicers
Mississippi – mortgage brokers and mortgage lenders
Montana – deferred deposit lenders, escrow businesses, independent contractor lenders, mortgage brokers, mortgage lenders and mortgage servicers
North Carolina – money transmitters
North Dakota – collection agencies, debt settlement service providers, exempt companies, money brokers and money transmitters
Oregon – collection agencies, consumer finance servicers, debt management service providers, exempt companies, mortgage lenders and money transmitters
Rhode Island – check cashier and debt management servicers, electronic money transmitters, lenders, loan brokers, sellers of checks, small loan lenders and third party loan servicers
South Dakota – exempt mortgage company registration, mortgage brokers and mortgage lenders
Texas – money transmitters
Vermont – debt adjusters, lenders, loan servicers, mortgage brokers, money transmitters and litigation funders
Washington – mortgage brokers and consumer loan companies
Wisconsin – mortgage brokers and mortgage bankers
Wyoming – exempt companies, money transmitters, mortgage brokers, mortgage lenders and supervised lenders
You can also consult the State Adoption of ESBs Table by the NMLS to see the exact adoption dates for each state and specialist type.